A central auditory processing disorder may be present when a child with normal hearing and intelligence exhibits difficulty paying attention and understanding spoken words. While this condition shares some symptoms, and can be present with, an attention deficit disorder, it should not be confused with an A-D-D diagnosis. Some key difficulties experienced by a child with a central auditory processing disorder include poor listening skills, poor memory skills, or a short attention span. Other things to look for are difficulty following spoken directions, the frequent need to have things repeated, and reading, spelling, or other learning difficulties. Testing for this condition includes standard hearing tests and noninvasive procedures that examine the integrity of the central auditory system. Corrective measures include classroom modifications such as preferential seating and the use of an F-M auditory trainer to reduce the background noise. In addition, a therapeutic program focusing on auditory stimulation may be appropriate to strengthen the child's central auditory system. For more information on central auditory disorder and its treatment, talk to an ear specialist in your area.