Treatment strategies

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Updated: 4/11/2007 2:46 pm
While there's no cure for diabetes, the disorder can be managed. Your treatment will vary according to your medical history, the type of diabetes you have, and how well you can regulate blood sugar levels on your own. If you're a type 1 diabetic, you'll need daily supplements of insulin throughout your life, to replace the insulin your body can't make. Insulin is usually delivered by injection or pump, though new forms are being developed, such as pills, patches, and nasal sprays. Your treatment plan should also include regular exercise and healthy foods. If you have type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise alone may be sufficient to lower your blood sugar. When combined with weight loss, these strategies can be quite effective. But if your blood sugar doesn't respond to lifestyle changes, a doctor may prescribe oral medication. In later stages, insulin may be required. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics should test their blood sugar on a regular basis, to make sure levels are within the standard range. Keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible can reduce your risk of complications. At the same time, methods for treating complications have improved, offering new possibilities for many diabetics. To find out more about treating diabetes, consult a doctor.

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