If you're having trouble becoming pregnant and have had one or more abortions in the past, you might be worrying if the two are related. Infertility can be related to abortion in two ways. First, when you have an abortion, your cervix is dilated. If you've had multiple abortions, the cervix often dilates more readily, sometimes prematurely. Doctors call this an 'incompetent cervix.' If you have this, you're more likely to go into labor before your term is up. Having previous abortions doesn't mean you'll have problems with your cervix, just that you'll be more likely to. Other fertility problems that can occur from an abortion are cervical scarring and pelvic inflammatory disease. Either of these can make conception or pregnancy difficult.